Flower and Plants of Ohio

The flowers and fruits pictured below were all found in the Columbus area. Most are found from Cedar Bog in Urbana that is a fen type environment created by the retreating glaciers of the Wisconsin glaciation. Others are found throughout neighboring prairies and along the Olentangy River Trail that runs through the middle of the Ohio State campus and is classified as a river habitat with a lotic ecosystem (running water).


Honey Suckle (Lonicera maackii)

This particular honeysuckle was found along the north side of the Olentangy River Bike Trail. It belongs to the Caprifoliaceae family and has bilateral symmetry. The petals are separate with an inferior/epigynous ovary and a syncarpous gynoecium of two carpels that separate at maturity. Flower have a terminal inflorescence.

Source: http://www.backyardnature.net/n/w/redhoney.htm

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

This particular specimen was picture in a wetland/prairie found along the base of a main trail. Red Clover belongs to the family Fabaceae and has bilateral/zygomorphic symmetry. The petals and sepals in red clovers are referred to as tepals and are fused into a tube and flowers are found in compact umbels. There is typically 5 petals that are dark pink in color and bloom in the late spring. The gynoecium type is unicarpallate with a hypogynous ovary.

Source: https://www.ediblewildfood.com/red-clover.aspx

Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)

A member of the Balsaminaceae family, this jewelweed was found along a trail in a prairie/wetland from the surrounding Columbus area. It is bilaterally symmetric with separate petals and sepals. The flowers are usually found in clusters of up to three and each flower has five petals. Jewelweed has a superior/hypogynous ovary with a syncarpous gynoecium of five carpels and an axillary inflorescence.

Source: http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/wetland/plants/or_jewelweed.htm

Great Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Great Lobelia belongs to the Campanulaceae family and this one was found along the edge of a trail in the heart of Cedar Bog. It is bilaterally symmetric with separate parts of petals and sepals and also contains five stamen. The ovary type is epigynous and a syncarpous gynoecium made up of two carpels. The inflorescence is a raceme of stalked flowers. The species name comes from its medicinal use of treating syphilis.

Source: https://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/greatbluelobelia.html

Shrubby cinquefoil (Dasiphora fruticosa)

This shrubby cinquefoil was also found in Cedar Bog along the border of a trail in the center of the area. It belongs to the Rosacea family and has radial symmetry with five yellow petals with and at the center there are lots of pistils present. There is also a numerous amount of stamen, averaging around twenty-three. The inflorescence is an isolated flower or a cluster of flowers at the terminal end of stems. The ovary is perigynous with a superior ovary.

Source: http://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/shrubbycinquefoil.html

Grass of parnasus (Parnassia palustris)

Found in the Celastraceae family, this specimen was also photographed in Cedar Bog, near the previous shrubby cinquefoil. A terminal flower on top of the stem is the inflorescence type found in this species. Flowers are radially symmetrical. There are five white petals, five sepals and five stamen. The ovary is hypogynous with a superior ovary. There is a syncarpous gynoecium composed of four fused carpels.

Source: https://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/grassparnassas_glacua.html


Water Smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

This smartweed was found in a prairie/wetland habitat and belongs to the Polygonacaea family. The inflorescence can be described as one to two terminal spikes that can either take on a cone or cylindrical shape. The flowers are made up of five petals and there are also 5 stame present. The fruit is an achene.

Source: https://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/smartweed_water.html

Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)

The jewelweed is found in the Balsaminaceae family and this particular specimen was also found in a prairie/wetland environment close to the ground lining the edges of trails. The inflorescence is a cluster varying in number but having a maximum of three flowers that originate from the axil. The fruit is a capsule.

Source: http://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/spottedjewelweed.html

Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

This specimen of big bluestem was found in large numbers in a prairie/wetland environment throughout the entirety of the trail and it was abundant throughout. It is a part of the Poacea family, or the grass family. The fruit produced is a grain. The inflorescence is a terminal seedhead. Eventually, this seedhead splits into rames containing spikelets.

Source: http://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/bigbluestem2.html

Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor)

This specimen belongs to the Fagacea family and this specimen was found along the southern side of the Olentangy River Trail. The fruit of this tree is a nut, as seen in the second picture above. The tree has separate male and female flowers. The female flowers are tiny spikes found in the axils of leaves while the male flowers are catkins consisting of six stamens.

Source: https://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/swampwhiteoak.html

Spice bush (Lindera benzoin)

The spice bush belongs to the Lauraceae family and this was found along a forested area in Cedar Bog. The species is dioecious and the male flowers are larger in comparison. Its flowers are found in yellow clusters. Later on, red drupes are the final product.

Source: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d890

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

This specimen was found along the mid-section of the Olentangy River Trail along the inner edge of the trail. It is a part of the Vitaceae family. The inflorescence produced consists of a branched flower cluster with tiny flowers that are green in color. The fruit it produces is a berry that is typically blue in color, as seen above.

Source: http://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/virginiacreeper.html